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Licensure Reference Guide

Compare jurisdictions

The Jurisdiction Licensure Reference Guide is a resource that compares some of the major similarities and differences among the jurisdictions. Developed by FSBPT, the guide is used as a reference for educational programs, students, licensing boards, professional associations and others.

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Jurisdictions help keep the guide current

Although information has been collected directly from jurisdictions and validated, FSBPT does not claim that the information contained in this guide is completely up-to-date. The ultimate source for all state or jurisdiction regulatory information is the jurisdiction itself. Jurisdictions can provide updates to linked documents by contacting communications@fsbpt.org.

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Topics in the guide

Click on any of the topics below to find the information you need:

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Background about the guide

The information contained in this guide was originally collected by surveying the 53 physical therapy licensing authorities in spring 2007. Since 2007, we have periodically updated this information based on jurisdiction input. If a table has been updated, the date of update can be found in the table’s hyperlink and at the bottom of each page of the document.

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The Jurisdiction Licensure Reference Guide

The linked documents below are in Adobe PDF format. You must have the Acrobat Reader and plugin installed on your system to view these documents.

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Initial Licensure

  • Initial Licensure Requirements for PTs and PTAs (Updated August 2018)

    Description: Requirements for graduates of CAPTE accredited programs that do not hold a physical therapist or physical therapist assistant license in another US jurisdiction.

  • Taking the NPTE Prior to Graduation (Updated January 2017)

    Description: Which jurisdictions allow students to take the NPTE prior to graduation and under what circumstances it is allowed.

  • Licensure Endorsement Requirements (Updated August 2018)

    Description: Requirements for graduates of CAPTE accredited programs that currently hold a physical therapist or physical therapist assistant license in another US jurisdiction.

  • Rules Regarding Retaking the Exam (Updated July 2015)

    Description: Which jurisdictions have limits on retaking the exam; what are the limits; whether remediation is a requirement and if so, when it is required.

  • Foreign Educated PTs and PTAs
    • Requirements for Initial Licensure (Updated August 2018)

      Description: Requirements for graduates of education programs NOT accredited by CAPTE that do not hold a license in another US jurisdiction.

    • Requirements for Endorsement Licensure (Updated August 2018)

      Description: Requirements for graduates of education programs NOT accredited by CAPTE that currently hold a physical therapist or physical therapist assistant license in another US jurisdiction.

    • Use of CWT for PTs (Updated August 2018)

      Description: How the coursework tools are used to evaluate foreign educated physical therapist applicants.

    • Use of CWT for PTAs (Updated August 2018)

      Description: How the coursework tools are used to evaluate foreign educated physical therapist assistant applicants.

    • English Language Proficiency Requirements (Updated December 2017)

      Description: Which jurisdictions have an English language proficiency requirement and the passing score.

  • Physical Therapy Compact Members (Updated August 2018)

    Description: Which jurisdictions are members of the PT Compact.

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Renewal of Licenses

  • Renewal Terms (Updated August 2018)

    Description: How long a license is valid prior to needing renewed.

  • Renewal Requirements (Updated August 2018)

    Description: Requirements to renew a current license.

  • Number of CEUs/CCUs Required (Updated December 2017)

    Description: Continuing education and continuing competence requirements for licensure renewal.

  • Continuing Competence Activity Approval  (Updated February 2017)

    Description: Who approves CEU/CCU programs to meet requirements for licensure renewal.

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Management of Licenses

  • Temporary Licensure (Updated February 2017)

    Description: Jurisdictions that give temporary licenses, for what reasons and for what length of time.

  • Supervision Requirements (Added June 2010)

    Description: What type of supervision (onsite, general, direct) is required for PTAs in various practice settings.

  • Supervision Ratios (Updated June 2010)

    Description: If there is a limit on the number of personnel a PT can supervise, what the limit is, and which personnel are covered by this limit.

  • Types of Aide Assistance (Updated December 2011)

    Description: What type of assistance aides may provide to PTs and PTAs.

  • Direct Access (Updated December 2017)

    Description: Which jurisdictions have unlimited direct access; what limits are specified for jurisdictions that have limited direct access.

  • Referral Requirements (Added December 2017)

    Description: Professionals from whom PTs can accept referrals.

  • Re-entering the Workforce (Added June 2010)

    Description: Which jurisdictions define re-entry into the workforce, how they define re-entry and what requirements they have prior to re-entry.

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Jurisdiction Board Information

  • Level of Board Autonomy (Updated August 2018)

    Description: What level of autonomy the licensing authorities have in developing budgets, hiring staff, developing administrative policies, discipline, etc.

  • Composition of the Board (Updated July 2017)

    Description: What type and how many of each profession is on each licensing board.

  • PT Education Sitting for PTA the Exam (Updated December 2017)

    Description: Which jurisdictions allow Physical Therapist educated individuals sit for the Physical Therapist Assistant exam.

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More tools

Below are more tools that we have developed for state licensing authorities in the regulation of physical therapy.

  • Coursework Tools (CWT)

    Find out how coursework tools are used to evaluate non-U.S. candidates.

  • Legislative tracking tool

    Track legislative issues important to your state.

  • Minimum Data Set

    The MDS will allow physical therapy to answer questions that will determine, among others, the number of providers; the race and sex of these individuals; and the facilities and geographic location in which services are provided.

  • Model practice act

    Read about the most effective tool for modernizing physical therapy practice acts.

  • NPDB Basis for Action

    Learn about this alert mechanism for sanctioned individuals.

  • Remediation resources

    Read detail information about ethics remediation courses.

  • Scope of practice

    Use this tool to help you make decisions about the physical therapy scope of practice in your state.

  • Telehealth in Physical Therapy

    The purpose of this document is to provide information and general guidance to physical therapy jurisdictional authorities for regulating the use of telehealth technologies in the practice of physical therapy.