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Regulatory Resources

Quick access to key resources

FSBPT identifies and promotes effective regulation in physical therapy to help ensure the delivery of safe and competent physical therapy care, while respecting states’ rights and responsibilities.

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Below are some of the tools that we have developed for state licensing authorities in the regulation of physical therapy.

  • Cannabis and Physical Therapy

    Resources to understand hemp, marijuana, CBD, THC, and physical therapy.

  • Coursework Tools (CWT)

    Find out how coursework tools are used to evaluate non-U.S. candidates.

  • Criminal History Record Information/Criminal Background Checks

    As jurisdictions add a Federal Bureau of Investigation criminal history record information as a requirement for licensure, regulatory boards are looking for resources to help them implement, understand, and apply these checks. FSBPT’s Ethics & Legislation Committee has researched and provided a number of resources physical therapy regulatory boards will find helpful when using criminal history record information for licensure.

  • Diagnostic and Procedural Imaging in PT Practice  

    The APTA Orthopaedic Section’s Imaging Special Interest Group (I-SIG) has published a white paper on imaging in PT practice. 

  • Dry Needling Competencies

    FSBPT sponsored practice analysis of the competencies required of physical therapists to perform dry needling. Publically available study explicitly examining what PTs must know and be able to do to perform dry needling safely and effectively.

  • Impaired Practitioners

    Resources relating to impairment of practice/work of interest to physical therapy regulatory boards.

  • Licensure Portability Resource Guide

    Potential ways to improve licensure portability.

  • Licensure reference guide

    Compare the requirements of various jurisdictions.

  • Mandatory Reporting

    The purpose of mandatory reporting of potential violations is to protect the public. Conduct suspected of violating licensure regulations should be reported to the appropriate state regulatory agencies or departments for investigation.

  • Minimum Data Set

    The MDS will allow physical therapy to answer questions that will determine, among others, the number of providers; the race and sex of these individuals; and the facilities and geographic location in which services are provided.

  • Model Practice Act

    Read about the most effective tool for modernizing physical therapy practice acts.

  • Model Rules for Foreign Educated Physical Therapists & Physical Therapist Assistants (Examination & Endorsement)

    The Foreign Educated Standards Committee of the Federation of State Boards of Physical Therapy (FSBPT) developed the following model rules for jurisdictions to supplement the statutory language of the Model Practice Act (MPA). These rules help to improve the clarity of licensing requirements for foreign-educated physical therapists and physical therapist assistants for examination versus applicants by endorsement.
    The rules reflect recommendations from FSBPT and follow the MPA; not all of the requirements are applicable for all boards, examples include jurisprudence examinations, supervised clinical practice, and criminal background checks.

  • NPDB Basis for Action Definitions Document

    The Basis for Disciplinary Action Definitions and Descriptions is a tool developed by FSBPT that categorizes the basis for disciplinary action. It includes definitions and guidelines to help state licensing authorities understand how to report disciplinary actions they take.

  • Physical Therapy Providers and the Military

    Frequently Asked Questions regarding the education and service of physical therapists and physical therapist assistants in the military. .

  • Reentry of Physical Therapy Providers

    For many different reasons, physical therapists and physical therapist assistants (PT providers) may voluntarily choose to take an extended absence from active practice lasting weeks, months, or even years. At some point, some of these same PT providers choose to return to, or reenter, the workforce. However, physical therapy regulatory boards are often at a loss as to how to determine their competence. FSBPT has developed a number of resources to assist regulatory boards.

  • Remediation Resources

    Read detailed information about ethics remediation courses.

  • Scope of Practice

    Use this tool to help you make decisions about the physical therapy scope of practice in your state.

  • Supervised Clinical Practice Performance Evaluation Tool

    The Practice Evaluation Tool allows supervisors and trainees to work together to come to a shared understanding of the trainee's clinical practice competency.

  • Telehealth in Physical Therapy

    The purpose of this document is to provide information and general guidance to physical therapy jurisdictional authorities for regulating the use of telehealth technologies in the practice of physical therapy.

  • Treatment of Self, Family, and other Close Relations: FSBPT Recommendation

    There are many reasons a physical therapist may consider providing treatment to themselves, their family members, or other close relations such as finances, convenience, kindness, or a desire to be helpful. However, no physical therapist or physical therapist assistant should treat themselves, family members, friends, colleagues, or other close relations except in extraordinary circumstances. Physical therapy best-practice standards require that the licensee be able to treat objectively and a personal relationship with a patient increases the likelihood that objectivity may be compromised.